Basin mixer is an essential functional element of contemporary bathrooms. A basin mixer is an evolved form of water tap which allows mixing of hot and cold water served to the wash basin. The mixer is connected to two inlet valves, one serving hot water and the other serving cold water. The water from these inlets are mixed and served through the mixer outlet. Thus, the mixer allows the user to control the temperature of water served. The water outlet of the basin mixer is referred to as the spout and the mixer members which control the flow of water are known as levers.
It is evident that the mixer has an important functional role to play in the bathroom. But, more importantly, modern day basin mixers are also aesthetic elements that add to the bathroom decor. Available in a wide range of designs, materials and finishes – mixers can make a significant impact on the bathroom interiors. So let’s look at the different types of basin mixers available to us. Based on the structure and assembly of the spout and levers of the basin mixer, it can be categorized into the following types:
Mono Basin Mixer
A mono basin mixer is a single member mixer with an integrated spout and lever assembly, and a single point of installation. It is one of the most popular types of basin mixers. Because of its single member structure, its installation is simpler than other forms of mixers. However, the prime advantage of mono basin mixers is that they take very less space and are thus suited for any size of wash basin or wash basin counter. Mono basin mixers are available in a variety of designs. They can be single-levered with a lever on the top; or double-levered with two levers flanked on both sides. Mono mixers also provide options for wall-mounted, counter-mounted or basin-mounted installation. In contemporary bathrooms, single-levered mono basin mixers are particularly gaining popularity because of their minimalist designs and ease of use. Mono basins mixers are also known as monobloc mixers.
Two Hole Basin Mixer
As the name suggests, a two hole basin mixer has two points of installation. The common two hole mixer comprise of a spout and a disjoint single lever to control the water flow. This mixer is also available in double lever design. The double levered two hole basin mixer has an integrated design with two water inlets connected to the two levers serving the spout. Though the two hole mixer has both wall-mounted and counter-mounted varieties, its use is limited as compared to the mono basin mixer. The wall-mounted ones can be used with wash bowls and under-counter wash basins, whereas the counter-mounted mixer can be used with under-counter basins only.
Three Hole Basin Mixer
The 3 hole basin mixer has three points of installation- a spout and two levers. These three members are fixed to the installation surface separately. The levers are connected to the hot and cold water inlets and serve the spout. The 3 hole basin mixers are available in elegant designs and are symbols of extravagance. However, they have the same limitation as the two hole basin mixers. The wall mounted three hole mixers can be used for both wash bowls and under-counter wash basins, and the counter mounted ones are suitable for under-counter basins only.