Bathroom layout planning is foremost in making this space a comfortable and convenient one. Just a few things need to be kept in mind while designing the bathroom layout. A bathroom comprises of two zones – the dry zone and the wet zone. The dry zone houses the wash basin and the water closet and the wet zone comprises the shower area. The bathroom entrance should open into the dry zone with the wash basin in closest proximity. This is because the wash basin is the most used entity of the bathroom. This is followed by the water closet and the shower area.
The bathroom entrance should not be less than 750 mm (2ft-6in) in width. You can opt for a hinged door or a sliding door depending on the availability of space in the bathroom. Space constrained bathrooms should use sliding doors. The wash basin should have at least 450 mm (1ft-6in) on each side so that it can be conveniently used. The same holds true for the water closet (W.C.). Leave at least 450 mm (1ft-6in) on both sides of the water closet. This space is utilized to provide the health faucet and the toilet paper holder. The shower area should not be less than 900 mm (3ft) wide. Usually, a drop of 1/2 inches is provided in the shower area. This is to keep off water from the dry zone. You can also segregate the shower area by providing a glass partition or shower curtains.
A good bathroom also boasts of ample storage space. Utilize the space below the wash basin for this purpose. Cabinets can be provided here to house towels, toilet papers and other bath accessories. Mirror cabinets can be provided above the wash basin counter to store hygiene products. The walls can also be successfully used for storage. The walls enclosing the shower can house niches to keep shower accessories within easy reach.
Bathroom Layout Plan
The plan below shows the layout of a bathroom measuring 2700mm X 1800mm (9 ft X 6 ft). It illustrates the standards discussed above.
This image is representative of the bathroom layout plan shown above.
The plan below shows an alternate bathroom layout. The size of the bathroom remains the same; however the door location has been changed. This layout boasts of a larger wash basin counter. The entire wall behind the wash basin can be utilized for a mirror. This would make the bathroom appear larger than it actually is. Also, the entire space below the counter can be used for storage.
This image shows a wall-to-wall wash basin counter representative of the one in the plan above. The large mirror adds depth to the space and it can work wonders for a small bathroom. The large under-counter storage space is an added advantage.
Though both the bathrooms layouts are convenient, the space is utilized better in the second plan. Thus, it is imperative to plan your bathroom layout to use the space sensibly.